EUscreen focus groups interviewed in Utrecht

In July ’13, Berber Hagedoorn (UU) and Willemien Sanders (UU), with assistance from Vera Schoonbrood (UU Research Master student) hosted two focus groups and an in-depth interview to discuss improvements for the EUscreen portal and, more specifically,  to refine user requirements. The aim was to get input from both researchers and students, who also contributed in their role as general user, on what would invite them to use the portal, and which additional functionalities, tools, and contextualization they would need to carry out research effectively.


Report by dr Willemien Sanders from Utrecht University

Researchers from the Department of Languages, Literature and Communication, the Department of History and Art History, and the Department of Media and Performance Studies within the faculty of the Humanities of Utrecht University participated in the first focus group. Speaking specifically from a researcher’s perspective, they discussed ways to better present, search, and link the content of the site.

A second focus group included students from the Department of History and Art History, and the Department of Media and Performance Studies. Both in their roles as students and as ‘general users’ of the EUscreen portal, they discussed the use of the portal for their student work as well as ways to collaborate and share.

The focus groups were followed up by a questionnaire, informed by the focus groups findings, which is aimed at assessing user requirements in a broader field of researchers and students/general users.

The meetings in Utrecht are part of a series of activities aimed at contextualizing the content of the portal for various users. These activities are carried out by different EUscreenXL partners across different countries.








Licenses for European culture

Our colleagues from the Europeana Awareness project held their second Licensing Workshop in Luxemburg on the 13th and 14th of June. Réka Markovich went to present the efforts EUscreen has taken to bring a massive broadcast collection with different national copyright laws online. She represented the new EUscreenXL project, in which we’ll continue our research and approaches on providing access to audiovisual heritage. 

Report by Réka Markovich from ELTE University, Hungary.

Europeana Awareness is a Best-Practice Network led by the Europeana Foundation. It’s been designed to publicize Europeana to users, policy makers, politicians and cultural heritage organizations in every Member State. The second Europeana Licensing workshop was part of research undertaken for the Europeana Awareness project by the Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg, Kennisland and the Institute for Information Law (IvIR). Their research focuses on possible international licensing models for digital heritage and the legal framework for cross-border licensing of copyright-protected works in Europe. In practice, this means that it explores the conditions under which works contained in the collections of cultural heritage institutions could be regulated on a cross-border basis in the context of Europeana.

Models for Cross-Border Licensing

The workshop aimed at gathering information to map the practice and implementation of the Orphan Works Directive and possible alternative contractual arrangements (such as those based on the Memorandum of Understanding on Out-of-Commerce Works). It complements a questionnaire to the European member states about the creation of an international database of Orphan Works. Member States will have to pass legislation implementing the Directive by October 2014. As far as the database is concerned, they will have to play the role of “interface” between beneficiary institutions (libraries etc) and  the office for the harmonisation of the internal market (OHIM), an EU agency with responsibility in the area of IPR, based in Alicante, Spain. The focus of this process is to identify possible loopholes in the cross-border access and re-use of works that is caused by differing national arrangements regarding categories of works, beneficiaries, scope and conditions of use, etc. For those who’d like to get an idea of the wide variety of copyrights clearance regulations in different European countries, the Public Domain Calculator gives you a good idea.

Cross-border access and use depend not only on a clear legal framework, but also on effective data collection and rights management. Therefore the workshop’s first day focused on the practical implementation of data registries, data creation and data exchange processes between the relevant actors. It was interesting to see what kind of organizations work on copyright clearance: e.g. with facilitating rights information management (ARROW) or with developing building blocks for the expression and management of rights and licensing across all content and media types (Linked Content Coalition). While legal issues cannot be easily separated from more administrative issues, day two focused on legal interoperability issues of implementing alternative (contractual) mechanisms.

Rights for Audiovisual Works

Issues of intellectual property rights are crucial when providing access to audiovisual collections. As a part of legislation, copyright law still bears some territorial nature – while a Pan-European audiovisual archive touches upon cross-border legal issues. Some kind of harmonization would be necessary to ensure the possibility of publishing and providing access to our audiovisual heritage. The Memorandum of Understanding on Key Principles on the Digitization and Making Available of Out-of-Commerce Works is sector-specific: it covers books and learned journals only. A dialogue between stakeholders is the way forward to facilitate agreements for the digitization of European out-of-commerce cultural material in other sectors—e.g. on audiovisual works—as well.

EUscreenXL will provide Europeana with 1.000.000 metadata records giving access for online content held by European broadcasters and audiovisual archives and will publish 20.000 contextualized programmes on the EUscreen portal. As the audiovisual content aggregator for Europeana, all the work packages of EUscreenXL take their cue from Europeana’s working groups. In EUscreenXL we are also working on a strategic agenda for access to audio-visual heritage through Europeana. The task is a pan-European research effort. It covers seven topics closely related to the daily reality of audio-visual archives, one of which is intellectual property rights. This activity is essential for Europeana to reach out to the audio-visual domain  and understand what needs to be put in place in order to maximize contributions to Europeana. It was therefor fascinating to hear about the legal issues-related activities of Europeana, to be in touch with the Europeana project working groups and the people behind them.

More information


How to Aggregate and Enrich Television Content

EUscreenXL Regional Workshops

A report by BUFVC’s Andrew Ormsby.

Content providers from archives and broadcasters across Europe attended EUscreenXL workshops in London, Warsaw and Barcelona during May and June as part of Work Package 2: Aggregating and Enriching Content. The British Universities Film and Video Council (BUFVC), NInA (The National Audiovisual Institute of Poland) and Televisio de Catalunya (TVC3), generously hosted a series of busy and productive meetings, with presentations, demonstrations, discussions and one to one sessions.

Work Package 2 forms the bedrock of the EUscreenXL project: its objective is to add at least one million aggregated metadata records of audiovisual items to Europeana, as well as adding an enriched core collection of 20,000 moving image items to the EUscreen portal.

During the workshops Marco Rendina of Cinecittà Luce spoke about metadata schema, Dr Rob Turnock of Royal Holloway, University of London, presented an overview of content selection policy, and Eve-Marie Oesterlen and Andrew Ormsby, of the BUFVC, outlined a proposed workflow plan for the aggregated content and the enriched core collection. Vassilis Tzouvaras (in London) and Arne Stabenau (in Warsaw and Barcelona), from NTUA, gave technical demonstrations of the MINT tool, showing content providers how to import datasets and map their metadata schemas in preparation for publication to Europeana and the EUscreen portal.

In addition, in London, Eve-Marie Oesterlen spoke about the BUFVC’s work and showed clips from the Roundabout collection. This consists of 600 films from the Technicolor cinemagazine Roundabout (1962-1974) which are now freely available on the BUFVC website. At the Warsaw workshop Karolina Czerwinska explained how NiNa is taking the lead in the digitisation and publishing of archives documenting Polish audiovisual heritage. In Barcelona, Imma Rull very kindly led the group on a fascinating tour of the TVC3 archive.

A series of focused one to one sessions on the final day of each workshop, gave content providers the opportunity to discuss metadata, content selection, IPR issues, technical matters and workflow with the WP2 team. The results of the workshops will now feed into the meeting in Mykonos in September, when the WP2 team will present the finalised metadata schema and content selection policy as well as the finalised delivery workflow, along with guidelines for support and monitoring for the duration of the project.

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