The 2015 NECS Conference took place this year in Łódź, Poland on 18th-20th June. Every year NECS, the European Network for Cinema and Media Studies gathers a significant number of scholars, researchers, media professionals and archivists from all over the world. The theme of the conference was “Archive of/for the Future” and certainly, it could not be more appropriate and relevant for EUscreenXL. Thus, a team of EUscreenXL representatives participated to the event presenting an entire panel session on “Perspectives on the Contextualization of Audiovisual Online Archives: Access and Publication Formats.” The ‘dream team Łódź’ was represented by Mariana Salgado from Aalto University, Berber Hagedoorn and Eleonora Maria Mazzoli from Utrecht University, and Dana Mustata from Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
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Within the framework of Europeana Space a number of hackathons are organised to develop tools for using Europeana content. The Hacking Culture Bootcamp hackathon, held in Amsterdam between May 8 and May 10 this year, focused on creating multiscreen experiences with digitalized historical footage from Europeana. In the hackathon seven teams of participants from different backgrounds created new multiscreen digital tools to engage with cultural heritage. For EUscreenXL we participated with a team of six.
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Photo by Larisa Dmuchovskaja
On the 19th and 20th of March representatives from EUscreenXL’s content partners met at the Lithuanian Central State Archives (LCVA) in Vilnius with technical and research partners as well as Europeana to examine and address practical issues and opportunities relating to the supply, delivery, and re-use of content and metadata for the EUscreenXL project.
FRAME is a training course on new technologies applied to the restoration, digitization, preservation and use of audiovisual and cinematographic archives.
The 2015 edition of the FRAME seminar, dedicated to European and non European professionals of the media industry, will take place in June and October, hosted by Ina EXPERT in partnership with EBU, FIAT/IFTA and Creative Europe.
In a fast and ever moving technological world, the management of audiovisual content evolves: digitization of analogue contents, long term preservation of born digital contents, description, accessibility through innovative ways of delivery and promotion are key issues. The FRAME training addresses, in 2 sessions, each step of the management of these contents.
The seminar is tailored to European and non-European professionals working in the field of audiovisual heritage and content management and allows for 15 participants per session.
22 to 26 June 2015
Methodological and technical issues for the implementation of digitization systems for film, video and sound archives, and the choice of formats, storage and digital content infrastructures.
19 to 23 October 2015
New uses of archives, which use for which users (professionals, researchers, and general public), documentation, rights’ management and physical and digital restoration of images.
Photo source: www.ina-expert.com/our-achievements/frame-2015.html
The European (Post)Socialist Televsion History Network has recently come into existence. The network is a first collaborative platform dedicated to furthering comparative research into (post)socialist television histories and contributing to transnational approaches to television in Europe. The network is coordinated by Dana Mustata (University of Groningen) together with Anikó Imre (University of Southern California), Irena Carpentier Reifová (Charles University Prague), Lars Lundgren (Södertörn University Stockholm) and Ferenc Hammer (ELTE University Budapest). It will be collaborating closely with the European Television History Network.
To mark its launch, the European (Post)Socialist Television History Network together with the Centre for Baltic and East European Studies at Södertörn University organizes a one-day international seminar on ‘Television Histories in (Post)Socialist Europe’, which will take place on November 7th, 2013 in Stockholm, Sweden. The event is a full day of round table discussions and presentations exploring the state of the art and a future agenda for studying (post)socialist television in Europe. Topics of discussion include, but are not limited to:
- Remembering the socialist past
- Television audiences in (post)socialist Europe
- Technopolitics of television under socialism
- Transnational relations of socialist television
- Socialist television programmes
- Screening socialist events
- Methodological and theoretical challenges of studying (post)socialist television
- Contributions of (post)socialist television to European television history
- Archival challenges of accessing (post)socialist television
Sabina Mihelj – keynote speaker (Loughborough University, UK)
Anikó Imre (University of Southern California, USA)
Irena Carpentier Reifová (Charles University, Czech Republic)
Lars Lundgren (Södertörn University, Sweden)
Ferenc Hammer (ELTE University, Hungary)
Dana Mustata (University of Groningen, the Netherlands)
Patrik Åker (Södertörn University, Sweden)
Additional speakers to be announced.
Those interested in presenting are asked to send a 150-word abstract to D.Mustata@rug.nl by October 11th, 2013
To attend the seminar, please register for free at: http://post-socialisttvhistory.eventbrite.com.
Those interested in joining the European (Post)Socialist Television History Network can email Dana Mustata at D.Mustata@rug.nl.
On 18th July 2013, the EUscreenXL project was presented as part of the panel ‘Digital Archive Projects: Rethinking Media Studies Methodologies’ at the 25th International IAMHIST Conference held at the University of Leicester, UK. It was the second time EUscreen was present at the IAMHIST Conference, after the 24th International IAMHIST Conference themed ‘Media History and Cultural Memory’ at Copenhagen University in 2011.
Report by Berber Hagedoorn, MA (Utrecht University)
The International Association for Media and History (IAMHIST) is an organization of filmmakers, broadcasters, archivists and scholars dedicated to historical inquiry into film, radio, television, and related media. IAMHIST encourages scholarly research into the relations between history and the media as well as the production of historically informed documentaries, television series, and other media texts. The theme of this year’s conference was ‘Childhood and the Media’.
The last decade we have witnessed an explosion of available digital databases and archives, and accordingly, the development of different tools to explore these archives in new ways. The panel ‘Digital Archive Projects: Rethinking Media Studies Methodologies’ discussed the possibilities and limitations of tools to explore digitised television, newspaper and radio archives for media scholars and historians. Each paper presented a particular project, its possible use for future research and a specific case study conducted by means of the tools. The panel was chaired by Luke McKernan (British Library, London).
Berber Hagedoorn from Utrecht University presented the EUscreenXL project, which aims to overcome the fragmentation of the audiovisual heritage sector in Europe and to make a growing collection of contextualised audiovisual content accessible and meaningful for diverse types of users, from the general audience, researchers and teachers, to professionals in the creative industries. Hagedoorn paid specific attention to the opportunities and challenges of the project and EUscreen portal for academic research. As a cross-national database of sources, the portal offers access to a range of audiovisual content in different languages, connected to various historical topics. Hagedoorn focused particularly on how the EUscreen portal and the use of European cultural resources lends itself to doing comparative research on the coverage of particular topics and genres across countries in Europe.
Martijn Kleppe from Erasmus University Rotterdam discussed the PoliMedia project, which showcases the potential of cross-media analysis by linking digitised transcriptions of debates at the Dutch Parliament with newspapers, radio bulletins, newscasts and current affairs programmes. Kleppe explained the workings of the PoliMedia portal and its possible future use for media scholars, discussing how the portal will allow researchers to browse for debates or names of politicians and analyse related media coverage, as well as evaluating debates in which politicians appeared and how they were covered in the press. As Kleppe pointed out, an advantage of the PoliMedia project is that the coverage in the media is incorporated in its original form, enabling analyses of the mark-up of news articles, newspaper photos, and televised programme footage.
Jasmijn van Gorp from Utrecht University presented the project BRIDGE: Building Rich Links to Enable Television History, in which she zoomed in on two tools developed by this project for exploration and contextualisation. MeRDES (Media Researchers’ Data Exploration Suite) enables comparative analysis between two individual items from the television catalogue of the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision archives, through visualisations such as word clouds and timelines. Secondly, CoMeRDA (Contextualising Media Researchers’ Data) links different collections, including television programmes, national newspapers and television-related photographs, and enables simultaneous search across these collections. Van Gorp demonstrated how the discussed tools ‘bridge’ or build links between heterogeneous collections, therefore allowing media researchers, historians, and digital humanists to explore, analyse and compare (elements of) Dutch television history.
The discussion session highlighted the necessity of translation, in particular for transnational or European-wide archival projects. This is especially the case for EUscreenXL which, as an audiovisual online archive, is also more dependent on its metadata to allow researchers to explore the archive for relevant content. Translation and subtitling will therefore not only aid in the usability of the audiovisual content, but in improving the searchability of the EUscreen portal, too.
All presentations touched upon how analysing media coverage across several types of media forms or outlets is a challenging task for researchers. New digital tools to explore archives therefore allow researchers to study more and new sources as well as generating novel research questions. The panel enabled a fruitful dialogue with media scholars and historians, emphasizing the relevance for scholars in the Humanities to further engage in digital archival projects.
Third issue of open access VIEW Journal for European Television History & Culture highlights debates on how television fosters the moving borders of national memories.
VIEW, the Journal of European Television History and Culture is the first peer-reviewed, multi-media and open access e-journal in the field of European television history and culture. It offers an international platform for outstanding academic research and archival reflection on television as an important part of our European cultural heritage. The journal is proud to present its third issue: European Television Memories. It has been guest-edited by Jérôme Bourdon & Berber Hagedoorn and is freely available at: http://www.viewjournal.eu
In the context of the fast development of memory studies, the third issue of VIEW highlights debates around the moving borders of national memories, fostered by television in the context of European history. The articles in this issue focus on the contribution of European television researchers, covering all three areas of media studies: production, text and reception. They touch upon a broad range of topics, including:
- the reconstruction of the national past after regime changes in both Southern and Eastern Europe;
- competing versions of the “same” past;
- the fragile fostering of a European identity;
- the regional/would-be national past.
The issue emphasizes the different ethnographic & historical uses of life-stories from television viewers. It hints at the possible changes to memory formation brought about by television in the post-network digital era. Finally, this issue charts the field of European television memories and suggests ways it can be researched further, both nationally and transnationally.
We wish you a pleasant and inspiring journey through European Television Memories!
Table of Contents
Editorial – Jérôme Bourdon, Berber Hagedoorn
- ‘Remembering Our First TV Set’. Personal Memories as a Source for Television Audience History – Cecilia Penati
- “It’s just so hard to bring it to mind”: The Significance of ‘Wallpaper’ in the Gendering of Television Memory Work – Hazel Collie
- Martin Luther in Primetime. Television Fiction and Cultural Memory Construction in Cold War Germany – Stewart Anderson
- The Production of Czechoslovakia´s Most Popular Television Serial ‘The Hospital on the Outskirts’ and its Post-1989 Repeats – Petr Bednařík
- Parallel Stories, Differentiated Histories. Exploring Fiction and Memory in Spanish and Portuguese Television – José Carlos Rueda Laffond, Carlota Coronado Ruiz, Catarina Duff Burnay, Susana Díaz Pérez, Amparo Guerra Gómez, Rogério Santos
- Looking for What You Are Looking for: A Media Researcher’s First Search in a Television Archive – Jasmijn Van Gorp
- Television as a Hybrid Repertoire of Memory. New Dynamic Practices of Cultural Memory in the Multi-Platform Era – Berber Hagedoorn
- Why Should We Study Socialist Commercials? – Anikó Imre
- Window to the West: Memories of Watching Finnish Television in Estonia During the Soviet Period – Annika Lepp, Mervi Pantti
- The Life and Afterlife of a Socialist Media Friend. On the Longterm Cultural Relevance of the Polish TV Series ‘Czterdziestolatek’ – Kinga S. Bloch
- Chronology and Ideology. Temporal Structuring in Israeli Historical Documentary Series – Bosmat Garami
- Great Escapes from the Past. Memory and Identity in European Transnational Television News – Andreas Widholm
- Memory, Television and the Making of the BBC’s ‘The Story of Wales’ – Steve Blandford, Ruth McElroy
VIEW is published by the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision in collaboration with Utrecht University, Maastricht University and Royal Holloway University of London. It is supported by the EUscreenXL project, the European Television History Network and the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research.