Discover Slovenia’s Television Archive

Critical Studies in Television publishes a series that draws attention to the inner workings of the different archive partners within EUscreen. This month the focus is on the TV Archives of Slovenia.

The archives were established in 1958, when Slovenian television started to broadcast their programmes. Radio Ljubljana had begun with a regular programme on 28 October 1928, while Radio Free Ljubljana had started to broadcast after the Second World War on 9 May, 1945 – liberation day.

Aleksander Lavrencic, who worked as an archivist at the Archives and Museum of the University of Ljubljana before joining the Slovenian TV Archives in 1999 and becoming Head of the Archive in  2003, and Junior Documentalist Katja Šturm take us on a tour of their archives and content. As well as focusing on the important political content in the archive, the article also highlights some of the more light-hearted content which RTV are contributing to EUscreen:

The material covers important political events such as the beginning of the war of independence, federal soldiers leaving Slovenia at the end of the war in 1991and the creation of the new state in 1991 and its declaration of independence, as well as significant national events such as the celebration of international worker’s day in 1964, the visit of Pope John Paul II and the plebiscite for an independent Slovenia with a live broadcast from the press centre. The material also documents day to day life in Slovenia and includes an eclectic selection of programme footage including coverage of children being vaccinated against Polio in 1961, a day among the fishermen on the Sora River in 1970, the dangers of pollution and environmental concerns, a programme covering the mating habits of the moor frog which causes them to turn blue and the discovery of the world’s oldest musical instrument at Divje Babe, a flute which could date back to the time of the Neanderthals.

You can read the full article online at the Critical Studies in Television website. Next up in this series there will be articles from KB (Sweden), Sound and Vision (The Netherlands), ORF (Austria) and INA (France).



CfP: Europe on and Behind the Screens

Mirrored Video at the Cinema Museum, Turin, Italy. Image from Flickr by ezioman.

Contributions are welcome for Volume 2 of the Journal of European Television History and Culture, which is the first peer-reviewed multi-media e-journal in the field of television studies.

Call for Papers: Vol. 2 September 2012.
500 word proposals: January 5th, 2012.
2-4,000 word articles: April 1st, 2012.

Offering an international platform for outstanding academic research on television, the journal has an interdisciplinary profile and acts both as a platform for critical reflection on the cultural, social and political role of television in Europe’s past and present as well as a multi-media platform for the circulation and use of digitized audiovisual material.

Our main aim is to function as a showcase for a creative and innovative use of digitised television material in scholarly work. At the same time, the journal intends to stimulate the fruitful discussion between audiovisual heritage institutions (especially television archives) and a broader community of television experts and amateurs. In offering a unique technical infrastructure for a multi-media presentation of critical reflections on European television, the journal aims at stimulating innovative narrative forms of online storytelling, making use of the digitized audiovisual collections of television archives around Europe.

The focus of Vol 2 of the journal, due for publication in September 2012, will be Europe on and Behind the Screens.



Proposals are invited on (but not limited to) the following topics:

Europe on the screen:

  • Eurovision or Intervision programmes:
    • Eurovision/ Intervision Song Contest
    • European News Exchange
    • Jeux Sans Frontières
    • Sports
  • National Programmes dealing with Europe:
    • “With Europe in View” (BBC)
    • European Journal
    • European politics / public sphere
    • History of European integration on television
  • Europe television culture:
    • Comparative studies on European television cultures
    • Europeanization / Americanization / Sovietization of television
    • Development of European television audiences

Europe behind the screen:

    • The History of European broadcasting institutions (E.B.U. and O.I.R.T.) and bi-lateral cooperation between national broadcasters
    • Hidden collaboration between East (OIRT) and West (EBU) during Cold War
    • Political initiatives to promote television as a means for European understanding (TV without frontiers,…)
    • The infrastructures of European live transmissions and programme exchange
    • Transnational Actors and Personalities: programme makers, engineers, technicians, presenters
    • Subversive cross-border viewing practices in totalitarian regimes
    • Commercial initiatives and programme trade in the European television landscape
    • Legal frameworks of European television trade and exchange, especially copy right problems

For our “discovery”-section, a platform dedicated to present latest developments and initiatives in the field of audiovisual heritage institutions and television archives, we especially invite contributions dealing with past experiences and future challenges of collaborations between television scholars and audiovisual heritage institutions. These essays (2.500 words) should reflect on the practical challenges of doing television research in an archival or academic environment.

Please send your abstracts no later than 5h of January, 2012 to the managing editor of the journal, Dana Mustata:







From the Fall of the Berlin Wall to September 11

— Book announcement (language of the book: French)

Katharina Niemeyer
De la chute du mur de Berlin au 11 septembre 2001.
Le journal télévisé, les mémoires collectives et l’écriture de l’histoire.
Antipodes, Lausanne (Switzerland)
2011, 342p.

English title: From the fall of the Berlin wall to September 11. Television news, collective memories and writing of history

This book discusses the importance of television and television news in contemporary history telling and making, and also asks the question of collective memories. Concepts developed by philosophers of memory and history are linked and discussed with media theory; pointing out the temporal and visual implication of television news and the eternal, audiovisual game of the past, the present and the future. Two major televised events are analyzed: the fall of the Berlin wall and September 11 (as well as their commemorations). The results of the study show that television is a special history maker and teller as well as a creator of collectives memories. It is also an indicator and accelerator of social, political and cultural changes (aesthetics of television news trailers, visual design etc.) and … television remains an eternal challenger of media studies.



EUscreen Project Video Release

Today we’re proud to release the promotional video for the EUscreen project:


We’d like to invite you to spread it around: Embed it on your website, send it to friends who haven’t yet discovered the project or use it in presentations around the world. We hope the video will explain what EUscreen is all about, what it can be used for and why you should delve in and explore the rich archival content that’s there.


EUscreen: Explore Your Past was created by Anna Dabrowska, intern at the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision and student at the Amsterdam MA Preservation & Presentation of the Moving Image, who assembled the video using and remixing footage from various EUscreen partners. Job de Haas at NISV did the sound, Jacky Spears the voice over.

Footage sources:


EUscreen publishes its first Online Access to Audiovisual Heritage Status Report

Press release

Increasing access to digitised audiovisual heritage in particular and cultural heritage in general, has become an important topic for institutions in the field of cultural heritage, policy-makers, national governments and the European Commission. This report, written by Wietske van den Heuvel and Lotte Belice Baltussen focuses on access to audiovisual heritage in general and specifically, access in an educational setting.

The report consists of two parts. Part one outlines the general status of online access to audiovisual heritage and focuses on creating a business model for platforms with audiovisual content and on the value proposition of audiovisual content. Additionally, an overview of revenue models with examples is provided. Part two describes the access to online audiovisual heritage from an educational perspective and contains an inventory of educational platforms and a methodology for the analysis of these platforms. A selected set of platforms is analysed and the results are used to outline the specific value propositions for education. Occurring revenue models in the educational field are analysed and alternatives are presented.

The full report can be accessed here.

European Film Gateway project publishes report about copyright issues

By the European Film Gateway (EFG)

In order to bring archival materials held in film archives online and giving access to them, rights clearing is a central topic in the framework of the EFG project. EYE Film Institute, one of EFG’s project partners, has established a report on Guidelines for Copyright Clearance and IPR Management. This report can be downloaded now from the EFG website.

The report includes:

  • an overview of legal frameworks in EU countries for the film sector
  • guidelines how to successfully clear rights related to film works
  • copyright basics (moral rights vs. exploitation rights, orphan works etc)
  • diligent search guidelines for rights holders

More information can be found here.

The Power of Television: Including the Historicizing of the Live Romanian Revolution

Press release from Utrecht University

Date: February 4
Place: Utrecht

The dissertation “The Power of Television: Including the Historicizing of the Live Romanian Revolution” by Dana Mustata’ will be available soon after her defense on Friday, February 4 at Utrecht University. Mustata also works for EUscreen as a researcher where she focuses on contextualisation and the use of online television content in academic research. Her dissertation is a first history of Romanian television, dealing for the first time with the history of television under a former communist regime. It shows that despite the oppressive regime, television was not necessarily and not always an instrument of political control.

The dissertation develops an innovate method for understanding television in a coercive regime. The method studies television as an agent of power. Based on this method, the dissertation reveals brand new data on the televised Romanian Revolution in 1989: the event was not a spontaneous public outburst, but a decade-long rehearsed process that took place in the private spaces of television viewers and which was silenced, controlled and manipulated by the Securitate, the former Romanian secret services.

Being a first television history of a former communist country, the dissertation opens up this field of research in Eastern Europe, making a significant contribution to European television history. The dissertation is based on so far undisclosed and classified documents of the Romanian communist secret services.

Read more

‘Rundfunk und Geschichte’ publishes report on the first EUscreen International Conference

By Dana Mustata

The German journal ‘Rundfunk und Geschichte’ will publish in their upcoming issue of February 2011 an extensive report on the results of the first EUscreen Conference that was held in Rome in October, 2010. Aimed at an academic audience, the report makes an overview of the main discussion points at the conference and emphasizes the challenges, inspiration and added value that the online availability of audiovisual sources brings to historical research.

Based on the talks held in Rome, the report entitled ‘Contextualization and the Critical Use of Online Audiovisual Archives’ acknowledges the changes that the field of the humanities and history and media studies in particular, are undergoing in the face of the growing availability of online audiovisual sources. As several key-note speeches suggested, these changes bring along a series of challenges to traditional ways of doing research and conventional methods of interpreting history. The report reflects on the conference talks that proposed possible solutions to such challenges. Challenges regarding online audiovisual material are experienced not only by researchers using these online sources, but also by the content providers making these sources available as well as by audiovisual heritage platforms such as EUscreen. The important concern at stake here is how to present online material to different categories of users, an issue discussed by several speakers at the conference and reiterated in the report. Borrowing from several discussions throughout the conference, the report also puts forward ways of stimulating creative re-use of online audiovisual material among different users.

The report constitutes a step further in disseminating the discussions held at the first EUscreen International Conference among other academic platforms. We hope that such dissemination will increase awareness among the academic community concerning the added value that online audiovisual collections offer to doing research and concerning practices of using digital audiovisual material to research purposes.

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